The Methodist Transplant Institute performs kidney transplants for people who have serious kidney dysfunction and will not be able to live without dialysis or a transplant. Patients in most urgent need of a transplant are placed highest on the status list and are given first priority when a donor kidney becomes available.
The majority of transplanted kidneys come from deceased organ donors, called a cadaveric transplant. A patient usually receives only one kidney, but, in rare situations, he/she may receive two kidneys from a deceased donor.
Living Donor Kidney Transplant
Family members or individuals who are unrelated but make a good match may also donate one of their kidneys through a living donor transplant. Donors can live healthy lives with one kidney.
If the donor and recipient are not compatible, living donation is still an option through the Paired Kidney Exchange Program. Incompatible pairs can join a national pool of other incompatible pairs and “exchange” donors, through an organization called the National Kidney Registry. This registry ensures that the recipient will receive a living donor with possibly a better match. These matches can facilitate a "chain" of transplants and benefit multiple people. The transplant team will discuss the Paired Kidney Exchange Program if this is an option for you.
Want to Become a Living Kidney Donor?Complete the Living Donor Online Form to begin the evaluation process.
End Stage Renal Disease
The indication for a kidney transplant is end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Though there are many conditions which can lead to ESRD, diabetes is the most common. Others include:
- Analgesic nephropathy
- Polycystic kidney disease
- Congenital nephrotic syndrome
- Hemolytic uremic syndrome
- Goodpasture syndrome