Aortic Stenosis

What is aortic stenosis?

Aortic stenosis is one of the most life-threatening conditions associated with a heart murmur. It affects the valves in the heart and occurs when the aortic valve opening narrows, lowering blood flow through the valve. When the valve becomes diseased, it makes the heart work much harder to push blood through the body, and heart problems develop.

Causes:

  • Aging (most common)
  • Birth defect
  • Calcium build-up on the aortic valve
  • Radiation therapy
  • Rheumatic fever

Symptoms:

Aortic stenosis can occur with no outward symptoms and may go undetected. When it becomes severe and symptoms develop, it can be life-threatening.

  • Chest pain
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath (especially with activity)
  • Lightheadedness
  • Fainting

Treatment:

No drug therapy exists for aortic stenosis, so surgical replacement of the diseased valve is the only effective treatment. Valve replacement can greatly increase survival, relieve symptoms and improve quality of life. This may be done through:

  • Open heart surgery
  • Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR)
  • Balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV), which is a procedure where a balloon is opened inside the narrowed valve then removed. The effect is temporary but may improve symptoms.

Contact Us

Our Valve Clinic specializes in the TAVR procedure and offers comprehensive care for patients with aortic stenosis. To schedule an appointment, call us at 901-763-0200.

Methodist Valve Clinic
7460 Wolf River Blvd.
Germantown, TN 38138