Heart Valve Surgery

Heart valve repair or replacement surgery is a treatment option for valvular heart disease. When heart valves become damaged or diseased, they may not function properly. Conditions which may cause heart valve dysfunction are valvular stenosis and valvular insufficiency (regurgitation).

When one (or more) valve(s) becomes stenotic (stiff), the heart muscle must work harder to pump the blood through the valve. Some reasons why heart valves become stenotic include infection (such as rheumatic fever or staphylococcus infections) and aging. If one or more valves become insufficient (leaky), blood leaks backwards, which means that less blood is pumped in the proper direction. The physician may decide that the diseased valve(s) needs to be surgically repaired or replaced.

Traditionally, repair or replacement of heart valves has involved open-heart surgery, which means that the chest is opened in the operating room and the heart stopped for a time so that the surgeon may repair or replace the valve(s). In order to open the chest, the breastbone, or sternum, is cut in half and spread apart. Once the heart is exposed, large tubes are inserted into the heart so that the blood could be pumped through the body during the surgery by a cardiopulmonary bypass machine (heart-lung machine). The bypass machine is necessary to pump blood because the heart is stopped and kept still while the surgeon performs the valve repair or replacement procedure.

Newer, less invasive techniques have been developed to replace or repair heart valves. Minimally-invasive procedures in which the incision is much smaller often mean less pain post-operatively and shorter hospital stays. Valvuloplasty is another method that may be used to treat valve stenosis in some cases.

To find a cardiovascular surgeon in Memphis, Tennessee, please use our physician locator or call 901-516-9000.

Cardiology Locations

UT Methodist Physicians Cardiology - 1938 Crescent Meadow
UT Methodist Physicians Cardiology - 1938 Crescent Meadow

1938 Crescent Meadow Drive
Holly Springs, MS 38635

901-435-8550

Sutherland Cardiology Clinic
Sutherland Cardiology Clinic

7460 Wolf River Blvd.
Germantown, TN 38138

901-763-0200

Methodist Medical Group - Cardiovascular Surgery Germantown
Methodist Medical Group - Cardiovascular Surgery Germantown

7655 Poplar Ave., Suite 350
Germantown, TN 38138

901-761-2470

UT Methodist Physicians Cardiology - 4250 Bethel
UT Methodist Physicians Cardiology - 4250 Bethel

4250 Bethel Road, 5th Floor
Olive Branch, MS 38654

901-435-8550

UT Methodist Physicians Cardiology - 3950 New Covington Pike
UT Methodist Physicians Cardiology - 3950 New Covington Pike

3950 New Covington Pike, Suite 220
Memphis, TN 38128

901-435-8550

UT Methodist Physicians Cardiology - 57 Germantown
UT Methodist Physicians Cardiology - 57 Germantown

57 Germantown Court, Suite 100
Memphis, TN 38108

901-435-8550

UT Methodist Physicians Cardiology - 1211 Union
UT Methodist Physicians Cardiology - 1211 Union

1211 Union Avenue, Suite 965
Memphis, TN 38104

901-435-8550

Methodist Medical Group - Cardiovascular Surgery North
Methodist Medical Group - Cardiovascular Surgery North

3950 New Covington Pike, Suite 290
Memphis, TN 38128

901-383-8232

UT Methodist Physicians Cardiology - 1251 Wesley
UT Methodist Physicians Cardiology - 1251 Wesley

1251 Wesley Drive, Suite 153
Memphis, TN 38116

901-435-8550

Methodist Medical Group - Cardiovascular Surgery Midtown
Methodist Medical Group - Cardiovascular Surgery Midtown

1325 Eastmoreland Ave., Suite 365
Memphis, TN 38104

901-272-6030

UT Methodist Physicians Cardiology - 900 N. 7th
UT Methodist Physicians Cardiology - 900 N. 7th

900 N. 7th Street
West Memphis, AR 72301

901-435-8550

Methodist North Hospital
Methodist North Hospital

3960 New Covington Pike
Memphis, TN 38128

901-516-5200

Methodist University Hospital
Methodist University Hospital

1265 Union Ave.
Memphis, TN 38104

901-516-7000

Methodist Olive Branch Hospital
Methodist Olive Branch Hospital

4250 Bethel Rd.
Olive Branch, MS 38654

662-932-9000

Methodist South Hospital
Methodist South Hospital

1300 Wesley Dr.
Memphis, TN 38116

901-516-3700

Methodist Le Bonheur Germantown Hospital
Methodist Le Bonheur Germantown Hospital

7691 Poplar Ave.
Germantown, TN 38138

901-516-6000